Sunday, December 12, 2010

ለቤተ መጻሕፍትዎ

                            ትቤ አኩስም መኑ አንተ
 
                                            (አክሱም አንተን ማነህ ትልሃለች)



አዘጋጅ      አስረስ የኔ ሰው

የኅትመት ዘመን 1951 ዓም

ገጽ    334


አስረስ የኔ ሰው በዘመናዊቷ ኢትዮጵያ ስለ ታሪካቸው፣ ሃይማኖታቸው እና ማነነታቸው በመቆርቆር ትውልዱን ለመታደግ ከተነሡ ሊቃውንት መካከል አንዱ ናቸው፡፡ ስለ ታሪክ ባህል እና ቅርስ በአማርኛ ቋንቋ ለትውልዱ የተጻፉ መጻሕፍት እጥረት በነበረበት በዚያ ዘመን አንቱ የሚያሰኝ ሥራ ሠርተዋል፡፡

ያ ዘመን አንዳንድ የውጭ ሀገር ሰዎች ለማተሚያ ቤት እና ለመረጃዎች ያላቸውን ቅርበት ተጠቅመው ሀገሪቱን በተመለከተ የተሳሳተ መረጃ ያሳትሙ ነበር፡፡ የሚያሳትሙት በራሳቸው ማተሚያ ቤት፣ ቋንቋውም አማርኛ፣ የመሸጫውም ዋጋ ርካሽ ስለነበር ወጣቱን ትውልድ ስለ ሀገሩ ያለውን ሃሳብ ለማዛባት ሞክረዋል፡፡

አስረስ የኔ ሰው ይህንን ችግር ለመፍታት ከተነሡት ሊቃውንት አንዱ ነበሩ፡፡ በመጽሐፋቸው መግቢያ ላይ እንደ ገለጡት የግራኝን ወረራ ለመመከት በርዳታ ከመጡት ፖርቹጋሎች ጀምሮ የኢትዮጵያን ታሪክ ለማዛባት ብዙ መጻሕፍት ተጽፈዋል ይላሉ፡፡ እነዚህን መጻሕፍት በየገዳማቱ ከሚገኙት ዓይነተኛ መረጃዎች ጋር ሳነጻጽራቸው እነርሱ የሚጽፉትን አላገኘሁትም በማለት ይገልጣሉ፡፡ የእነርሱን መጻሕፍት ለማረጋገጥ በብዙ ገዳማት መዞራቸውን ይነግሩንና ይህኛውን መጽሐፍ ለመጻፍ ያነሣሣቸውንም ይጠቅሱልናል፡፡

አስረስ የኔ ሰው የኢትዮጵያን ታሪክ ከዓይነተኛ መረጃዎች ለማሰባሰብ እና ለአንዳንድ የታሪክ አዛቢዎች መልስ ለመስጠት በሚኳትኑበት ጊዜ አባ ጋስፓሪ ገብረ ማርያም የተባሉ ሰው የጻፉትን የታሪክ መጽሐፍ ያያሉ፡፡ «ይህም ለ400 ዓመታት ያዘጋጁላት ረቂቅ ፖለቲክ ሆኖ አገኘሁት» ይላሉ አስረስ፡፡ «እኔ ይህንን መጽሐፍ ያዘጋጀሁት ከብዙዎች ገዳማት ባገኘሁት መሣርያ ለመሞረድ አስቤ ነው» ይሉናል፡፡

አስረስ የኔ ሰው በዚህ መጽሐፋቸው ከጥንታዊት ኢትዮጵያ እስከ ዘመናዊት ኢትዮጵያ ያለውን ታሪክ በሀገርኛ መረጃ ያቀርቡልናል፡፡ የታሪክ፣ የአርኬዎሎጂ፣ የቅርሳቅርስ፣ የሥነ ልሳን፣ የባህል፣ የሥነ ቃል፣ የጥንታውያን መዛግብት፣ የትውፊት፣ መረጃዎችን ያቀርባሉ፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ሥልጣኔ ከዓረብ ወደ አፍሪካ ነው የሚለውን በመቃወም ከኢትዮጵያ ወደ ዓረብ ነው ብለው ይሞግታሉ፡፡ መጻሕፍተ ብሉያት ከግሪክ ወደ ግእዝ አልመጡም፣ ከዕብራይስጥ እንጂ ይላሉ፡፡ ኢትዮጵያውያን በግብጽ ላይ የነበራቸውን የበላይነት በዓይናችን ያየነውን ያህል ይተርኩልናል፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ ፊደሎች የኢትዮጵያውያን ጥበብ ውጤቶች መሆናቸውን ከነትርጉማቸው ይተነትናሉ፡፡ «ቡዳ» የሚባለው ነገር የኢትዮጵያን ጥበበኞች ለማዳከም ፖርቹጋሎች እንዴት እንደፈጠሩት ይነግሩናል፡፡ ሌላም ብዙ ብዙ ነገር፡፡

አስረስ የኔ ሰው ታሪኮችን በሥዕል እና በፎቶ ግራፍ ለማስደገፍ በብርቱ ጥረዋል፡፡ የጥንቱን ማንነታችንን የሚያሳዩ ብዙ ፎቶ ግራፎችን በመጽሐፋቸው አካትተዋል፡፡

የአስረስ የኔ ሰው መጽሐፍ በአንድ ቀን ተነብቦ የማያልቅ፤ እንደ ገጠር ጠጅ በየጊዜው እየተቀዳ የሚጠጣ፣ በቤታችን ውስጥ የግድ መኖር ያለበት ዓይነተኛ ኢትዮጵያዊ መዝገብ ነው፡፡ መጽሐፉን በአሮጌ መጻሕፍት መሸጫዎች ታገኙታላችሁ፡፡

መልካም ንባብ፡፡

14 comments:

  1. Thank you for introducing this masterpiece work. It really deserves reading. But it is not a one day reading. The language is strong apart from its lengthy sentences. That unrepeatable man was amazing. His effort to write Ethiopia history from Ethiopian sources was the most golden step which was taken by him and his contemporaries. But unfortunately he was the only person who could achieve that goal. Other prominent Historians of his time failed copying the western formula of Ethiopian historiography. His views of our history should come to the forefront to be discussed by this generation. I think Ayele Bekere is leading the generation towards that. Finally, I guess a lot of people do not know that Aleqa Asres fathered Professor Mesfin Wolde Maryam though the later denied of his parenthood.

    ReplyDelete
  2. ወንድሜ ዲ/ን ዳንኤል፣
    ጥሩ መጽሐፍ አነሣህ። በቅርብ ዘመን ከተነሡት እና ስለ እምነታቸውም ስለ ታሪካቸውም በግሩም አመክንዮ ከተከራከሩት የኢትዮጵያ ሊቃውንት መካከል አንዱ ናቸው። መጽሐፉ እስካሁን በድጋሚ የሕትመትን ብርሃን አለማየቱ የሚያሳዝን ነው። ይህንን የእርሳቸውን መጽሐፍ እና "ትዝታ ዘአለቃ ለማ"ን መጽሐፍ በድጋሚ ታትሞ ለማየት እናፍቃለኹ። እስከዚያው በየአሮጌ ተራው መፈለግ ይኖርብናል።
    ወንድምህ ኤፍሬም እሸቴ

    ReplyDelete
  3. Great description! I felt like I have read the whole book.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks Dn. Daniel
    Kidanemariam Ze Debereyederas

    ReplyDelete
  5. As the world changes and globalization proceeds there is a lot of pressure for Ethiopians to be a part of it but at the same time to keep their identity strong. It is almost like trying to run but stand still at the same time.

    Young Ethiopians, loaded with all the information about the world, are no longer desiring vague ideology. Instead, they are hungry for a strong Ethiopian identity backed with practical solutions to improve their life by picking the best from every corner of the world. Even though young Ethiopians have grown-up not seeing the best of Ethiopia, they have a big appetite and interest in using Ethiopia’s cultural assets on a daily basis as well as in their professions.

    The last five years I have seen an explosion in usage of cultural assets by young Ethiopians in the creative industries (art, music, film, fashion, etc.) Some products and ventures are successful while others are not. However, this initial momentum is very promising. It is very important to bring together theses scattered passions together. It is also important to connect our history to our future.

    In short Here is what happened the last 50 years:

    When Ethiopia attained victory over Fascist Italians, there was a general consensus that education was the only shortcut to national security and development.While most agreed such education was desired, the elders and the “Liqeliquauts” strongly protested about the lack of moral teaching and Ethiopian history.

    The strongest protest came from Aleqa Asres, who said “A youth who does not know about his or her history is like a person who drinks alcohol without putting food in his stomach. These students will get drunk quickly and will be bitter towards their own people. For Ethiopia’s problem, they will seek foreign (alien) solutions because they wouldn’t know that the solution is in their own backyard. As a consequence, they themselves become the problem.”

    Looking back the last 40 years or so, Aleqa Asres was right. These students grew up learning Western history, language and lifestyle. A student movement was organized around Marxist-Leninist ideology, an alien ideology to Ethiopia, and a revolution started. Soon, the king was overthrown. The “Derg” filled the power vacuum. Some turned out to be a liberation front through ethnic lines with a socialistic view which resulted in TPLF taking power in 1991.

    Many members of the student movement who have passed middle age and are in their 50′s to 60’s can’t use Ethiopian history and culture, because they grew up not learning it or looking at it critically. This resulted in their acceptance of alien ideology. Since the attempt to model everything after the Soviet Union or socialist countries failed, we are now seeing an attempt at solving Ethiopia’s problems through Western solutions, which is also failing. Then tomorrow, when China might be successful, will we be saying the Chinese way is the only way?
    They also can’t pass on Ethiopian history to the younger generation since they, themselves, grew up not learning it or looking at it critically. So young Ethiopians have to do it themselves .
    Please read more here >>>>
    http://www.beteseb.org/wisdom/category/research-papers-on-ethiopiaterm-papers/

    ReplyDelete
  6. Good Book!!!
    As the world changes and globalization proceeds there is a lot of pressure for Ethiopians to be a part of it but at the same time to keep their identity strong. It is almost like trying to run but stand still at the same time.

    Young Ethiopians, loaded with all the information about the world, are no longer desiring vague ideology. Instead, they are hungry for a strong Ethiopian identity backed with practical solutions to improve their life by picking the best from every corner of the world. Even though young Ethiopians have grown-up not seeing the best of Ethiopia, they have a big appetite and interest in using Ethiopia’s cultural assets on a daily basis as well as in their professions.

    The last five years I have seen an explosion in usage of cultural assets by young Ethiopians in the creative industries (art, music, film, fashion, etc.) Some products and ventures are successful while others are not. However, this initial momentum is very promising. It is very important to bring together theses scattered passions together. It is also important to connect our history to our future.

    In short Here is what happened the last 50 years:

    When Ethiopia attained victory over Fascist Italians, there was a general consensus that education was the only shortcut to national security and development.While most agreed such education was desired, the elders and the “Liqeliquauts” strongly protested about the lack of moral teaching and Ethiopian history.

    The strongest protest came from Aleqa Asres, who said “A youth who does not know about his or her history is like a person who drinks alcohol without putting food in his stomach. These students will get drunk quickly and will be bitter towards their own people. For Ethiopia’s problem, they will seek foreign (alien) solutions because they wouldn’t know that the solution is in their own backyard. As a consequence, they themselves become the problem.”

    Looking back the last 40 years or so, Aleqa Asres was right. These students grew up learning Western history, language and lifestyle. A student movement was organized around Marxist-Leninist ideology, an alien ideology to Ethiopia, and a revolution started. Soon, the king was overthrown. The “Derg” filled the power vacuum. Some turned out to be a liberation front through ethnic lines with a socialistic view which resulted in TPLF taking power in 1991.

    Many members of the student movement who have passed middle age and are in their 50′s to 60’s can’t use Ethiopian history and culture, because they grew up not learning it or looking at it critically. This resulted in their acceptance of alien ideology. Since the attempt to model everything after the Soviet Union or socialist countries failed, we are now seeing an attempt at solving Ethiopia’s problems through Western solutions, which is also failing. Then tomorrow, when China might be successful, will we be saying the Chinese way is the only way?
    They also can’t pass on Ethiopian history to the younger generation since they, themselves, grew up not learning it or looking at it critically. So young Ethiopians have to do it themselves .
    ----------------------------
    Please read more@
    http://www.beteseb.org/wisdom/category/research-papers-on-ethiopiaterm-papers/

    ReplyDelete
  7. ዘሐዊ
    በትቤ አክሱም እስክመለስ…
    አለቃ አስረስ የኔሰው ከታሪክ መጽሐፋቸው(ትቤ አክሱም መኑ አንተ) ከሚለው በተጨማሪም ለወጣቶች እጅግ ጠቃሚ የሆነውንና በአንጻሩ ከትቤ አክሱም ባጭር ጊዜ የሚነበብ ‹‹ጠቃሚ ምክር›› የሚል መጽሐፍና ‹‹የካም መታሰቢያ›› የሚል እጹብ ድንቅ የሆኑ መጻሕፍትም አሏቸው፡፡ አንብቡት፡፡
    ልንረዳው የሚገባው ደግሞ በሃያኛው ክፍለ ዘመን ከተነሱት የአቡሻክ/ኽ/ር ሊቃውንት ዐቢይ ሊቅ የሚባሉና ኢትዮጵያ ሃገራችን የራሷ ዘመን አቆጣጠር እንዳላት ከሚጠቀሱት አስተምህሮዎች (school of thougt) መካከል የነ አለቃ አስረስ የኔሰው፣ የነ አለቃ ሰዓት ከብቴ ዋንኞቹ መሆኑን ልብ ይሏል፡፡
    የሚያሳዝነው ግን ድጋሚ አለመታተማቸው ብቻ ሳይሆን መጻሕፍቶቻቸው በአሮጌ ተራም/ባሁኑ ሰዓት/ ሆነ በብዙ ቤተ-መጻሕፍት አለመገኘታቸው…… ለመሆኑ ድጋሚ የሚያሳትምላቸው ልጆችና ወራሾች የሏቸውም ወይ ያስበላል፡፡
    ስለ ትቤ አክሱም የምጽፈው አለኝ….

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  8. ዲ/ን ዳንኤል
    ትቤ አክሱም መኑ አንተን አንዳንድ መጻሕፍት ለማጣቀሻ ሲጠቀሙ በግርጌ ማስታወሻ ከማነበው በስተቀር አይቸው አላውቅም ነበረ። አሁን ግን ሙሉ ታሪኩን ያነበበኩ ያህል ሰለአብራራህልኝ መጽሓፉን እስካገኝ ድረስ ስንቅ ይሆነኛልና እግዚአብሔር አሁንም ማስተዋሉንና ጥበቡን አብዝቶ ይስጥህ።
    ታዬ አሰፋ
    ከማይጨው

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  9. This is a good book to suggest.here is why am saying that:i was reading reading a famous book in Ethiopian history,i do not need to mention the author but the Ethiopian author was literally insulting our identity.am calling the book "famous" not because of the content of the book but due to the general acceptance of the writer among the Ethiopian scholars.am a young reader and its after reading this book that i started to suggest why we Ethiopians in general accept our inferiority and blame orthodox church for our economical,social and modernization problems.at one point the author said "Ethiopian priests do not know Aristotle".here is what i say "do the Incas need to know Greek philosophers to be appreciated?".Anyways i believe if we had a number of scholars who can see the beauty of our identity like Asres Yenesew,specially in the 1960s,we would of been in a much better position.after all it is in my belief that Ethiopia's modernizing writers play their part in getting us confused and even confusing our church fathers.

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  10. Where are the books availalbe for sale in ethiopia. Would someone please suggest the place or link?
    Eziaheber yistilign

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  11. how can I get the book.

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  12. Dn Daniel......where can we get these books please?

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  13. "A youth who does not know about his or her history is like a person who drinks alcohol without putting food in his stomach. These students will get drunk quickly and will be bitter towards their own people. For Ethiopians problem they will seek foreign (alien) solutions because they wouldn`t know that the solution is in their backyard. As a consequence they themselves become the problem." - Aleqa Asres

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